Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger... holy quran online blog: If he said to his wife, “Israhi (you may leave),” does that count as divorce (talaaq)?

Friday, April 15, 2011

If he said to his wife, “Israhi (you may leave),” does that count as divorce (talaaq)?

If he said to his wife, “Israhi (you may leave),” does that count as divorce (talaaq)?
I read on an Islamic website that if the husband says to his wife, “You may leave,” that is a divorce (talaaq). I wanted to tell my husband about this so that he would not say that, especially as this word is common among us in Egypt. For example we say, “Leave so I can sleep.” I said to my husband: “Can you believe it? I read that if the husband says ‘You may leave’ to his wife, it counts as a divorce.” And I said: “Listen to me and do not repeat what you said.” But he said it again; he said “You may leave” in an angry tone and he swore that he did not mean to say it; it came out without him meaning it to. Does this count as divorce?.


Praise be to Allaah.


The words “You may leave” are regarded by the majority of
fuqaha’ as a form of implicit divorce, and it does not count as divorce
unless there is the intention of divorce. 

The Shaafa‘is and some of the Hanbalis are of the view that
saying “You may leave [a translation of the Arabic word israhi]” is
an explicit form of divorce. So if the husband says “Israhi (you may
leave)” to his wife, it counts as a divorce and if he says, “I did not
intend divorce,” that is not acceptable unless there is circumstantial
evidence to show that he did not intend to divorce, such as if he said to
her, “Israhi (you may leave)” immediately after telling her to go out early
to work in the fields. Ibn Hajar al-Makki, one of the Shaafa‘is, said that
“Israhi (you may leave)” is used in a metaphoric way. 

Al-Ramli said in Nihaayat al-Muhtaaj (6/429): If the
husband has clearly uttered the word of divorce, it is not acceptable for
him to say that he did not intend to divorce unless there is circumstantial
evidence to that effect. For example he mentioned: if he said to her “Israhi
(you may leave)” immediately after telling her to go out early to work in
the fields, then this is to be accepted as it appears to be. End quote. 

Some of the Maalikis were of the view that divorce takes
place if the word “Israhi” is spoken even if that is without the
intention of divorce, because it is explicit according to some of them, or
it is a word that is used in a metaphoric way with a clear meaning that does
not need intention. 

The correct view is that of the majority, which is that no
divorce takes place if the husband says “Israhi” or similar phrases,
unless he intended divorce. 

Ibn Qudaamah (may Allah have mercy on him) said in
al-Mughni (7/294): If he says, “I have divorced you” or “I am leaving
you” or “You may leave (israhi)”, that means that divorce has taken
place. This implies that explicit divorce is represented in three words:
“divorce” (talaaq), “separation” (firaaq) and “leaving” (saraah)
and other words or phrases derived from them. This is the view of
al-Shaafa‘i.  Abu ‘Abd-Allah ibn Haamid was of the view that explicit
divorce is represented only in the word “talaaq” and words/phrases
derived from it. This is also the view of Abu Haneefah and Maalik, except
that Maalik said that it counts as divorce even if that was not the
intention, because metaphoric words of which the meaning is clear do not
need an intention. The evidence for this opinion is that words derived from
firaaq (separation) and saraah (leaving) are often used in
cases other than divorce, so they cannot be regarded as explicit expressions
of divorce. 

With regard to the word firaaq (separation), this word
is mentioned in the Qur’aan in the context of separation between the
spouses, so it may be explicit to that effect, like the word talaaq.
Allah, may He be exalted, says:

“either you retain her on
reasonable terms or release her (tasreeh) with kindness”

[al-Baqarah 2:229]

“But if they separate [wa in
yatafarraqaa] (by divorce), Allah will provide abundance for everyone of
them from His Bounty”

[al-Nisa’ 4:130]

“then come! I will make a
provision for you and set you free (usarrihkunna) in a handsome manner

[al-Ahzaab 33:28]. 

And the view of Ibn Haamid is more correct, that explicit
statement of something is that which states it and cannot be interpreted in
any other manner unless it is a far-fetched interpretation. The words firaaq
(separation) and saraah (leaving), although they appear in the Qur’aan in
the sense of separation between spouses, they are also used with other
meanings, as Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And hold fast, all of you
together, to the Rope of Allâh (i.e. this Qur'ân), and be not divided [wa la
tafarraqu] among yourselves”

[Aal ‘Imraan 3:103]. 

People do not use this word in the sense of divorce, so it is
not one of the explicit words of talaaq for them. 

To sum up: no divorce occurred when this word was used, so long as your husband did not intend divorce thereby.

The things Muslim should do. We as Muslim should give our first priority to learn quran and do quran reading to seek the right path of Islam and through the quran teaching we can achieve the goal of our life and the deputy to guiding our kids to learn Koran that we should fulfill with perfecting kids quran recitation power and knowledge in Islam and also motivate our children’s to do quran memorization and then guide them to learn holy Quran tafseer  so they could understand the quran in Arabic and the quranic translation and also let or kids to listen quran from top quran reciters to get them inspired. at last I would pray for all my Muslim brothers and sisters that may Allah accept there Dwas and prayers and inspire you with the teachings of our holy prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) so let us join hands and spread the knowledge that every Muslim is born to spread the knowledge of Islam now a day many online quran tutor are available for kids and elders to learn tajweed quran and with exact pronunciation and perfect the quran recitation online with qualified teaching staff  who can guide then with there experience and knowledge and the write teachings to help us in achieving the path of Jannah

No comments:

Post a Comment